Constitution of the Republic of Uganda, 1995

Date of assent: 
22 September 1995
Commencement date: 
22 September 1995

29. Protection of freedom of conscience, expression, movement, religion, assembly and association

1. Every person shall have the right to

a. freedom of speech and expression, which shall include freedom of the press and other media; b. freedom of thought, conscience and belief which shall include academic freedom in institutions of learning;
c. freedom to practise any religion and manifest such practice which shall include the right to belong to and participate in the practices of any religious body or organisation in a manner consistent with this Constitution;
d. freedom to assemble and to demonstrate together with others peacefully and unarmed and to petition; and
e. freedom of association which shall include the freedom to form and join associations or unions, including trade unions and political and other civic organisations.

2. Every Ugandan shall have the right-

a. to move freely throughout Uganda and to reside and settle in any part of Uganda;
b. to enter, leave and return to, Uganda; and
c. to a passport or other travel document.

43. General limitation on fundamental and other human rights and freedoms

1. In the enjoyment of the rights and freedoms prescribed in this Chapter, no person shall prejudice the fundamental or other human rights and freedoms of others or the public interest.

2. Public interest under this article shall not permit-

a. political persecution;
b. detention without trial;
c. any limitation of the enjoyment of the rights and freedoms prescribed by this Chapter beyond what is acceptable and demonstrably justifiable in a free and democratic society, or what is provided in this Constitution.

50. Enforcement of rights and freedoms by courts

1. Any person who claims that a fundamental or other right or freedom guaranteed under this Constitution has been infringed or threatened, is entitled to apply to a competent court for redress which may include compensation.

2. Any person or organisation may bring an action against the violation of another person's or group's human rights.

3. Any person aggrieved by any decision of the court may appeal to the appropriate court.

4. Parliament shall make laws for the enforcement of the rights and freedoms under this Chapter.